Tricks & Tips for Windows Administrators

Note: Please take system state backup before doing this.

Disable CD Burning

Exciting isn’t it?

The user can’t burn any CDs by this trick.

This restriction will disable the use of the inbuilt CD recording functions of Windows.

Open your registry and follow this path: HKEY_CURRENT_USER>Software>Microsoft>Windows>Current Version>Policies>Explorer andcreate this key:

“NoCDBurning” and set its value to

1. Close you registry and logout/restart your system for the change to take the effect.

Change of Name of Recycle Bin

start->run->regedit->press

ENTER

than open registry editor click on Find write Recycle Bin n

click ok after find…

right side u see name recycle bin click on it n just write what u want…

Compress drive to save disk space

Note: Try it on own risk

Its not possible to increase ur memory size but u can compress ur data to save ur disk space, this feature is available in NTFS drive..if u have a fat or fat32 drive, u can convert it to ntfs by running a command on dos:

for c drive:

convert c:/fs:nt

fsfor d drive:convert d:/fs:ntfs

for e drive:convert e:/fs:ntfs

run the command similarly if u have more drive…

Compresing data in NTFS*

open my computer* select any drive(drive with NTFS format)* right click and select properties* click on general tab* select “compress drive to save disk space”* Apply and OK your data will remain safe…

Disabling Scandisk

Note: Technically its better to run scandisk.

When Windows is not shut down correctly, it will perform an Auto Checkusing CHKDSK on the next restart.

Auto Check is executed after a short time delay. Auto Check can be disabled or delayed by tweaking a few Registry settings.

Run ‘Regedit’ from ‘Start Menu Run…’Go to ‘HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE SYSTEMCurrentControlSetControlSessionManager’.Create a new DWORD value, or modify the existing value, called“ Auto Chk Time Out” and set it according to the value data below.

Value Name: Auto Chk Time Out. Data Type: REG_DWORD (DWORD Value).Value Data: Time in Seconds or 0 to disable(default = 10).Exit your registry, you may need to restart or log out of Windows for the change to take effect.

make ur pdf files to speak

make ur pdf files to speakhere r the shortcuts for hearing pdf files in abobe reader 6.0 orhigher

ctrl+shift+b —->to hear the whole topic

ctrl+shift+v —->to hear the page

AUTO DELETE TEMPORARY FOLDER.!!

ll what i prefer is %temp% ” without quotes.. at Start -> Run..this opens ur temp folder n then you call erase it neatly// still try this one too..

First go into gpedit.msc

Next select -> Computer Configuration/Administrative Templates/Windows Components/Terminal Services/Temporary FolderThen right click “Do Not Delete Temp Folder Upon Exit”Go to properties and hit disable. Now next time Windows puts a temp file in that folder it will automatically delete it when its done!

Note: Remember, GPEDIT (Group Policy Editor) is only available in XP Pro.

How to make your Desktop Icons Transparent

Go to Control Panel > System, > Advanced > Performance area > Settings button Visual Effects tab “Use drop shadows for icon labels on the Desktop”

Remove Stored username and Passwords !

Note: Use this to remove paswords , not to see anybdy elses passwd.

To remove the Stored User Names and Passwords from your system, try this:

Click Start, Run and type Control keymgr.dll remove the entries from the list.

The other ways to access this dialog are:

Type Control Userpasswords2 in RUN box, click Advanced, Manage Passwords -or- From Control Panel, select your User Account, click Manage your network passwords.

Lock pc just by double clicking mouse

You can lock your XP workstation with two clicks of the mouse. Create a new shortcut on your desktop using a right mouse click, and enter ‘rundll32.exeuser32.dll, Lock Work Station’ in the location field. Give the shortcut a name you like. That’s it – just double click on it and your computer will be locked. And if that’s not easy enough, Windows key + L will do the same.

Speed Up Ur Shut down !!

Start Regedit. Navigate to HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE/SYSTEM/CurrentControlSet/Control.Click on the “Control” Folder. Select “WaitToKillServiceTimeout” Right click on it and select Modify. Set it a value lower than 2000 (Mine is set to 200).

&

!Like previous versions of windows, it takes long time to restart or shutdown windows xp when the “Exit Windows” sound is enabled. to solve this problem you must disable this useless sound. click start button then go to settings -> control panel -> Sound, Speech and Audio devices -> Sounds and Audio Devices -> Sounds, then under program events and windows menu click on “Exit Windows” sub-menu and highlight it. Now from sounds you can select, choose “none” and then click apply and ok. now you can see some improvements when shutting down your system.

Set Processes Priority

Follow this tip to increase the priority of active processes, this will result in prioritization of processes using the CPU.CTRL-SHIFT-ESC

1.Go to the second tab called Processes, right click on one of the active processes, you will see the Set Priority option

2.For example, your Run your CDwriter program , set the priority higher, and guess what, no crashed CD’s

Enable Right Clicks on The Sites Dat Disable it

Lots of web sites have disabled the right click function of the mouse button… it’s really, really annoying. This is done so that you don’t steal (via right-click->save picture) their photos or images or any other goodies. Unfortunately, it disables ALL right-click functionality: copy, paste, open in new window.

It’s easy to change, assuming your using IE 6:
Click “Tools”->”Internet Options”
Click the “Security” tab Click “Custom Level”
Scroll down to the “Scripting”
section Set “Active Scripting” to “disable”
Click “Ok” a couple of times.

You’ll probably want to turn this back to “enable” when your done… ’cause generally the javas cript enhances a website.

Calculation on command Prompt ! u knew dis???

The command processor CMD.EXE comes with a mini-calculator that can perform simple arithmetic on 32-bit signed integers:

C:\>set /a 2+2
4
C:\>set /a 2*(9/2)
8
C:\>set /a (2*9)/2
9
C:\>set /a “31>>2”
7

Note that we had to quote the shift operator since it would otherwise be misinterpreted as a “redirect stdout and append” operator.

For more information, type set /? at the command prompt.

Dos Tricks and Shortcuts ((( Full Codes)))


Accessibility Controls
access.cpl
Add Hardware Wizard
hdwwiz.cpl
Add/Remove Programs
appwiz.cpl
Administrative Tools
control admintools
Automatic Updates
wuaucpl.cpl
Bluetooth Transfer Wizard
fsquirt
Calculator
calc
Certificate Manager
certmgr.msc
Character Map
charmap
Check Disk Utility
chkdsk
Clipboard Viewer
clipbrd
Command Prompt
cmd
Component Services
dcomcnfg
Computer Management
compmgmt.msc
timedate.cpl
ddeshare
Device Manager
devmgmt.msc
Direct X Control Panel (If Installed)*
directx.cpl
Direct X Troubleshooter
dxdiag
Disk Cleanup Utility
cleanmgr
Disk Defragment
dfrg.msc
Disk Management
diskmgmt.msc
Disk Partition Manager
diskpart
Display Properties
control desktop
Display Properties
desk.cpl
Display Properties (w/Appearance Tab Preselected)
control color
Dr. Watson System Troubleshooting Utility
drwtsn32
Driver Verifier Utility
verifier
Event Viewer
eventvwr.msc
File Signature Verification Tool
sigverif
Findfast
findfast.cpl
Folders Properties
control folders
Fonts
control fonts
Fonts Folder
fonts
Free Cell Card Game
freecell
Game Controllers
joy.cpl
Group Policy Editor (XP Prof)
gpedit.msc
Hearts Card Game
mshearts
Iexpress Wizard
iexpress
Indexing Service
ciadv.msc
Internet Properties
inetcpl.cpl
IP Configuration (Display Connection Configuration)
ipconfig /all
IP Configuration (Display DNS Cache Contents)
ipconfig /displaydns
IP Configuration (Delete DNS Cache Contents)
ipconfig /flushdns
IP Configuration (Release All Connections)
ipconfig /release
IP Configuration (Renew All Connections)
ipconfig /renew
IP Configuration (Refreshes DHCP & Re-Registers DNS)
ipconfig /registerdns
IP Configuration (Display DHCP Class ID)
ipconfig /showclassid
IP Configuration (Modifies DHCP Class ID)
ipconfig /setclassid
Java Control Panel (If Installed)
jpicpl32.cpl
Java Control Panel (If Installed)
javaws
Keyboard Properties
control keyboard
Local Security Settings
secpol.msc
Local Users and Groups
lusrmgr.msc
Logs You Out Of Windows
logoff
Microsoft Chat
winchat
Minesweeper Game
winmine
Mouse Properties
control mouse
Mouse Properties
main.cpl
Network Connections
control netconnections
Network Connections
ncpa.cpl
Network Setup Wizard
netsetup.cpl
Notepad
notepad
Nview Desktop Manager (If Installed)
nvtuicpl.cpl
Object Packager
packager
ODBC Data Source Administrator
odbccp32.cpl
On Screen Keyboard
osk
Opens AC3 Filter (If Installed)
ac3filter.cpl
Password Properties
password.cpl
Performance Monitor
perfmon.msc
Performance Monitor
perfmon
Phone and Modem Options
telephon.cpl
Power Configuration
powercfg.cpl
Printers and Faxes
control printers
Printers Folder
printers
Private Character Editor
eudcedit
Quicktime (If Installed)
QuickTime.cpl
Regional Settings
intl.cpl
Registry Editor
regedit
Registry Editor
regedit32
Remote Desktop
mstsc
Removable Storage
ntmsmgr.msc
Removable Storage Operator Requests
ntmsoprq.msc
Resultant Set of Policy (XP Prof)
rsop.msc
Scanners and Cameras
sticpl.cpl
Scheduled Tasks
control schedtasks
Security Center
wscui.cpl
Services
services.msc
Shared Folders
fsmgmt.msc
Shuts Down Windows
shutdown
Sounds and Audio
mmsys.cpl
Spider Solitare Card Game
spider
SQL Client Configuration
cliconfg
System Configuration Editor
sysedit
System Configuration Utility
msconfig
System File Checker Utility (Scan Immediately)
sfc /scannow
System File Checker Utility (Scan Once At Next Boot)
sfc /scanonce
System File Checker Utility (Scan On Every Boot)
sfc /scanboot
System File Checker Utility (Return to Default Setting)
sfc /revert
System File Checker Utility (Purge File Cache)
sfc /purgecache
System File Checker Utility (Set Cache Size to size x)
sfc /cachesize=x
System Properties
sysdm.cpl
Task Manager
taskmgr
Telnet Client
telnet
User Account Management
nusrmgr.cpl
Utility Manager
utilman
Windows Firewall
firewall.cpl
Windows Magnifier
magnify
Windows Management Infrastructure
wmimgmt.msc
Windows System Security Tool
syskey
Windows Update Launches
wupdmgr
Windows XP Tour Wizard
tourstart
Wordpad
write

I accidentally deleted the Show Desktop icon which sits normally on the bottom left hand corner of the Taskbar. How do I restore the icon?

Click Start, Run and type the following command:

regsvr32 /n /i:U shell32.dll

The Show Desktop icon file should be available now.
or
Click Start, Run, and type Notepad.exe. Copy the following contents to Notepad.
[Shell]Command=2IconFile=explorer.exe,3[Taskbar]Command=ToggleDesktop

Save the file as – : Show Desktop.scf. Now, drag the file to the Quick Launch Toolbar. (Notepad might automatically append a .txt extension to the file name. Remove this extension if present.)

Can u Delete Recycle Bin?

1 thing is 4 sure, delete option can be added 2 recycle bin…the old registry thing will work out…..* launch d registry…* open HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{645FF040-5081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}\ShellFolder* to add a rename and delete option, change the Dword attribute to 70 01 00 20* refresh and reboot the system….. u r done.

PS: always backup ur data as well as registry b4 attempting 2 work on it if u r a newbie….

Pop a banner each time Windows Boots

To pop a banner which can contain any message you want to display just before a user is going to log on, go to the key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\WinLogon Now create a new string Value in the right pane named LegalNoticeCaption and enter the value that you want to see in the Menu Bar. Now create yet another new string value and name it: LegalNoticeText. Modify it and insert the message you want to display each time Windows boots. This can be effectively used to display the company’s private policy each time the user logs on to his NT box. It’s .reg file would be: REGEDIT4

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Winlogon] “LegalNoticeCaption”=”Caption here.”

Disabling Display of Drives in My Computer :

This is yet another trick you can play on your geek friend. To disable the display of local or networked drives when you click My Computer go to :

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer Now in the right pane create a new DWORD item and name it NoDrives. Now modify it’s value and set it to 3FFFFFF (Hexadecimal) Now press F5 to refresh. When you click on My Computer, no drives will be shown. To enable display of drives in My Computer, simply delete this DWORD item. It’s .reg file is as follows: REGEDIT4 [HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explore r]

“NoDrives”=dword:03ffffff

shortcut to restarting xp..

You can restart a Windows XP Pro and Home machine easily by creating a shortcut with following path. (Assume you installed Windows XP on your C: Partition) “c:\windows\system32\shutdown.exe -r -f -t 00” -r is for restarting the computer. -f is to force close all programs without saving. -t 00 is used to restart in zero seconds. i.e. as soon as you D.Click on the shortcut. You can log off from a Windows XP Professional or Home edition by running “C:\windows\system32\shutdown.exe -l -f -t 00”. Also you can shutdown a Windows XP Home or Professional edition by running “c:\windows\system32\shutdown.exe -s -f -t 00”. You always have to turn from the CPU after running this command. (Same with AT and ATX powered machines.) If you want to turn down power of ATX machine automatically, run “c:\windows\system32\tsshutdn.exe 00 /POWERDOWN /DELAY:00” This is used to turn off a server. Even though your computer will be shutdown completely, this whole operation will take 30 seconds to finish. Even though you don’t have networked computers attached to your computer, this works.

Disabling Msn Messanger At Startup

To Disable Messenger MSN from running go to the start menu and select RUN. In the window that appears type regedit The Registry editor will now have opened. Navigate to the following Key:

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Policies\Microsoft

Now create a new key by selecting Edit from the main menu bar. Now select New then Key.

Name this new Key: Messenger

Now select the newly created Messenger Key and create another new Key. Only this time we are going to name it: Client Next we have to create a DWORD value. So Right Click the new Client Key and select New then DWORD.

Name the DWORD PreventRun Now we need to give it a Data Value of 1Now restart Windows XP and you will have successfully Disabled Messenger MSN

alternate method of disabling windows messanger

If you don’t want MSN Messanger to start at startup simply logon to your accout and go to tools –> options to disable it. If you don’t have an account, as it won’t let you change the options without first logoning on to an account. Click on the Start Button –> run and type in “regedit”, then go to,

HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Currentversion\Run

Delete the key that says,

MSMSGS – REG_SZ – “C:\Program Files\Messenger\msmsgs.exe” /background

Use system restore when you cannot boot your system

If your system has failed to the point where you cannot access the Windows GUI either through booting normally or through safe mode, you may still have the chance to use the System Restore feature if you have it enabled, by running it form the command prompt.To do this:

Restart your computer and press F8 after the POST screen to bring up the Windows XP boot menu. Choose ‘boot in safe mode with command prompt.’

If your system gets to the command prompt successfully, type ‘%systemroot%\system32\restore\rstrui.exe’ and then press enter. Follow the onscreen instructions to restore your computer to a previous saved point.

Automatically close non-responsive programs

With a small registry tweak, Windows XP can be set to automatically close any program that ‘stops responding’ (crashes), eliminating the need for you to use the task manager to close down the offending software manually.

To do this:

Open REGEDIT and navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\ Desktop

Modify the REG_SZ entry Auto End Tasks with a value of 1

Lock Folder Without Any Software

Suppose you want to lock the folder games in d: which has the path D:\Games. In the same drive create a text file and type

ren games games.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D}

Now save this text file as loc.bat

create another text file and type in it.

ren games.{21EC2020-3AEA-1069-A2DD-08002B30309D} games.

Now save this text file as key.bat

Now you can see 2 batch files loc and key.

Press loc and the folder games will change to control panel and you cannot view its contents.

Press key and you will get back your original folder.

Try it out!!!!!!!

Make The “CON” Folder !

Open Command Prompt and write this …….

md\\.\c:\con

The “con” folder will be made in the c:\ directory … If you want a different directory , you can put it there after “md\\.\”

to delete it !!

rd\\.c:\con

or

rmdir\\.\c:\con

5 Ways to Speed Up Your PC

No matter how fast your processor and regardless of how much ram you
carry, there comes a time when you realize your
computer just doesn’t run as fast as it did when you bought it.
Windows loads slower, programs take longer to launch, and, in general, your computer drags like it just came off a 2-night drinking binge.
If this sounds like your situation, these 5 tips should help you get some extra speed from your PC.

~ Disk Cleanup Utility ~
You may not realize it, but just because you finish with a file doesn’t mean your computer does.
In many cases, if your computer’s hard drive were a garage, you would have unused junk files piled 20 feet high and spilling out into the street.

Everyone should use the Windows “Disk Cleanup Utility” to delete old, unused, and temporary files that clog your hard drive.

Click Start, point at All Programs (or Programs), Accessories, System Tools, and click Disk Cleanup. Analyze your hard drive for files you can eliminate and it may shock you to see how much hard drive space (and speed) you can free up with a few clicks.

~ “Defrag” ~
Imagine a properly maintained hard drive as room the size of Wal-Mart filled with filing cabinets.

Now imagine ripping open every drawer of every filing cabinet, slinging the contents onto the floor and trying to find one document -that’s a fragmented hard drive.

Sometimes lack of speed simply results from your computer working too hard to find the files it needs. You can solve this problem by “defragging” your hard drive.

Click Start, point to All Programs (or Programs), Accessories, System Tools, and click Disk Defragmentor. Choose the disk you want to defragment and expect to let the program run for several hours.

~ Uninstall Unused Software ~
We all maintain software on our systems we rarely, if ever, use.
That software can steal system resources. Click Start, Control Panel, and “Add Remove Programs” to pull up a screen that allows you to remove old programs you don’t use anymore.
Simply select and uninstall all programs you know for sure you don’t need or want.

~ Buy More RAM ~
Increasing your RAM, a computer’s memory, can dramatically increase speed when running certain operations or programs. RAM costs so little now that you should install the maximum amount of memory your system can handle.

~ “Stop Them At Startup” ~
This operation requires a bit more technical savvy than the other four, so proceed with caution.
Many programs load into the system tray in the lower right of your computer’s desktop and consume system resources even if you never use them.

Click Start, Run, type in msconfig, and press Enter. Click the “Startup” tab to see a list of programs that automatically start with Windows.
Clear the check box next to programs you know you don’t want to load at startup.

But don’t clear any checkbox unless you are 100% certain of a program’s purpose. Once you finish, click OK and it will prompt you to restart Windows.

5 Tips For Buying The Right Laptop Computer

1. Size
In the world of mobile computing, size definitely matters. The size of a laptop affects two key areas: portability and display size.
If you’re always on the go and will be using your computer only in short bursts, a so-called ultralight will save you some shoulder strain. On the other hand, if you’re going to spend hours in front of your laptop, a larger display may be in order.
Today, some laptop displays exceed 17 inches, rivaling the display size of
many desktop systems. The down side is that
these monsters can easily weigh three times as much as an ultralight.


2. Hard Drive
Speaking of size, what about the size of the hard drive? One way to approach this issue is to ask yourself the following question: Will this be my primary computer, or will it supplement my desktop system?
If the former, you should look for a bigger hard drive – 60 GB or more. If the latter, you may be able to make it with a 20-30 GB hard drive.
But even this isn’t absolute.
If, for example, you plan to copy a huge MP3 library from your desktop system to your laptop to make your music library portable, you’d be well advised to err on the side of too big.


3. Memory
In determining the right amount of system memory, or RAM, take a look at the ways in which you intend to use your laptop:If your needs are somewhat mundane – email, spreadsheets, word processing, etc. – 256 MB of RAM should be plenty. This is a common configuration for many laptops, so it means you probably won’t need to spend extra for more RAM.
On the flip side, if you’re an aspiring mobile digital photographer or videographer, you should stuff your laptop with as much RAM as it can hold.
In fact, exactly how much RAM your laptop can hold may in part drive your purchase decision. Applications for editing and manipulating multimedia content are notorious resource hogs.


4. Network Connections
Thanks in no small part to the Internet, computing in the 21st century relies heavily on being connected:
Connected to the Internet, connected to a corporate network, connected to a wireless network, connected to a home network, connected to an online service.
Your life will be easier if you buy a laptop that includes built-in means to connect to them all.


5. Price
If you’re considering a laptop, you’re probably wondering how much money you’ll need to spend.
A few years ago, you’d be hard-pressed to find one for under $2,000. Today, there are plenty of laptops to be had for under $1,000.
What’s more, most of the major manufacturers offer a variety of financing options.
Laptop prices have come down, to be sure. However, a laptop still represents a fairly major purchase for most people. If you take the time to search for a laptop that meets your specific needs, you should get many years of use and enjoyment from this important investment.

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